In solution

How is it that table salt (sodium chloride) disappears when dissolved in water?

Sodium chloride is iconic:
A union of two ions ionic.
Poor chlorine’s an electron short;
But sodium, a generous sort,
Has one electron going spare
And hands it over – what a pair!

Thus, lightly bound, their charge is nil,
And stays that stable way that way until
They find themselves in H2O –
Then their true natures start to show . . .

And that’s because, as you might know,
Each molecule of H2O
Is ‘polar’, with the oxygen
More negative – but then again,
Both hydrogens appear somewhat
More positive about their lot.

That’s how those molecules achieve,
With no net charge, their power to heave
The atoms in ionic salts*
Apart; so, under such assaults,
They have no choice but to become
Quite separate ions, every one.

The water molecules around
These new-formed ions now surround
Each one, and sturdily deter
Recombination as they were:

And that is how the problem’s solved
Of how, when table salt’s dissolved,
However closely you have peered,
Those salty grains have disappeared!

* A salt is the products of reactions between an acid and a base.

Images: enotes.com (water molecule); biology.iupui.edu (dissociated salt molecule)
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